The Utilities Regulation and Competition Authority (URCA) published on 15th of November 2019 its Final Determination on the Proposed Revisions to Final Determinations Class Licences, Exemptions, and Types of Fees (ECS 24/2009) and Guidelines for the Type Approval Certificate of License‐Exempt Radio Spectrum Devices (ECS 02/2013).
Now URCA grants a type approval certificate for new categories of low power electronic communications devices that satisfy the requirements for exemption set out in section 17(3) of the Comms Act.
The changes also enable members of the Bahamian public to use as many additional everyday consumer electronic devices without the need to obtain a Licence from URCA.
Type Approvals Certificates are issued for consumer devices such a laptops, wireless Wi-Fi routers, remote controls, cordless telephones, garage door openers, remote fans, automobile keyless entry systems, etc.
The Type Approval process involves interaction between the manufacturer of a low power device and URCA. The manufacturer of a low power device is required to demonstrate to URCA that:
The device is designed for efficient use of the radio frequency spectrum and avoids harmful interference with no degradation of service to other users of the spectrum;
The device conforms to health and safety standards and does not cause harm to the user or other individuals; and
The electromagnetic emissions do not disrupt the operation of equipment operating nearby.
The changes to the Guidelines removes the previous certification restriction that only allowed devices tested using the Federal Communications Commission’s CFR Part 15 standards, to be issued a Type Approval certificate. URCA can now consider the type approval of low power devices manufactured in compliance with the standards of countries other than the USA.
The Type A electrical plug (or flat blade attachment plug) is an ungrounded plug with two flat parallel pins. Although the American and Japanese plugs appear identical, the neutral pin on the American plug is wider than the live pin, whereas on the Japanese plug both pins are the same size. As a result, Japanese plugs can be used in the US but often not the other way around. The pins on Type A and Type B plugs have a hole near the tip that fits into ‘bumps’ found on the contact wipers of some sockets, so that the pins are gripped more tightly allowing for better contact and also to prevent the plug from slipping out of the socket. Some sockets have spring-action blades that grip the sides of the pins, making the holes obsolete.
The Type B electrical plug has two flat parallel pins and a round grounding (or earth) pin. The earth pin is longer than the other two so that the device is grounded before the power is connected. As with the type A plugs, the American and Japanese versions vary slightly. Type B plugs are rated at 15 amps.
Alternate Country Names
Commonwealth of the Bahamas
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